Qi Jiguang’s Influence on Asian Martial Arts

By William A. General Qi Jiguang (1528 – 1588) was born in a hereditary military family in 1528 at Dengzhou, Shandong province. Qi received education in both the Classics and military skills from a tender age and assumed his father’s rank in 1544. He took the military examinations receiving the Juren degree in 1549, but […]

Ma Liang – Chinese Martial Arts Modernizer, Warlord and Traitor

By William A. M.Eng., with translations by Mei C. B.A. The China of the early XXth century experienced major political and social changes thanks to a combination of local and foreign forces creating the right environment from which many reformers arose. In the realm of Chinese martial arts, Ma Liang (馬良) also know as Ma […]