An Overview of Chinese Mixed Martial Arts

Note: Abridged and modified version originally published in 2010 Bruce Lee is the father of Mixed Martial Arts (Webb, 2009) Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) is an eclectic combat sport combining striking and grappling techniques extracted mainly from muay Thai, Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ), western wrestling and boxing, which through the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) banner, […]

Defining Chinese Martial Arts in the Republican Era

By William A. & Mei C. During the Republican period (1912 to 1949) the proponents of the National Essence Movement  sought not only to promote native martial practices but also its technical and theoretical study by applying modern western methodologies. Chinese martial arts have been described in different ways over the centuries, however it would […]

Passing the Torch, An Interview with Professor Ma Lianzhen

By William A. In 2007 we had the honour to interview professor Ma Mingda one of the foremost authorities on traditional Chinese martial arts, whose family has a long history that extends to the early Qing dynasty. Since then professor Ma Mingda has retired from university teaching, even though he lectures on special occasions and […]

Qi Jiguang’s Influence on Asian Martial Arts

By William A. General Qi Jiguang (1528 – 1588) was born in a hereditary military family in 1528 at Dengzhou, Shandong province. Qi received education in both the Classics and military skills from a tender age and assumed his father’s rank in 1544. He took the military examinations receiving the Juren degree in 1549, but […]

Japanese Martial Arts in Russia, The creation of Sambo and Sino-Russian Cooperation at Whampoa

By William A. Note: Updated on 8/12/2017 When Japan was forced to open its borders to foreigners beginning the Meiji Restoration, it also helped spread Japanese culture overseas in the form of movements like Japonism (from the French Japonisme) or the interest for Japanese objects from around 1872 onwards. This movement influenced European arts and […]

Torn Between Tradition and Modernization, Examples from Japan and China

By William A. Note: This illustration appears to depict someone who looks more like Gichin Funakoshi father of Shotokan Karate rather than Chouki; Japanese sources point out this editorial mistake was a point of bitter rivalry between the two men. Western influence in Japan and China was a source of national self-reflection triggering at times […]

An Overview of Chinese Martial Arts in the Olympics

By William A. with Translations by Mei C. “It is difficult to find a Chinese citizen in good shape, eager to learn new things, with a strong and proper attitude in life, this makes them lack courage and motivation. They have the characteristics of sick men; How many generations must pass until we realize that […]

Ma Liang – Chinese Martial Arts Modernizer, Warlord and Traitor

By William A. M.Eng., with translations by Mei C. B.A. The China of the early XXth century experienced major political and social changes thanks to a combination of local and foreign forces creating the right environment from which many reformers arose. In the realm of Chinese martial arts, Ma Liang (馬良) also know as Ma […]